CDEP-CGEG WORKING PAPER NO. 82

Period Teasing, Stigma, and Knowledge: A Survey of Adolescent Boys and Girls in Northern Tanzania

Anja Benshaul-Tolonen, Sandra Aguilar-Gomez, Naomi Heller Batzer, Rebecca Cai, Elias Charles Nyanza

Abstract:

Adolescent girls commonly show a reduction in school participation due to menstruation-related teasing and anxieties. Menstrual hygiene research and policies almost exclusively focus on girls and women, leading to a lack of knowledge on male attitudes toward the topic. We conducted the first quantitative survey of period teasing in schools in sub-Saharan Africa. We surveyed 432 adolescent boys and 524 girls in four co-educational secondary schools in Western Tanzania. Thirteen percent of girls reported experiencing period teasing, and 80 percent fear being teased by male peers. Four out of five girls fear teasing related to insufficient menstrual hygiene management—leading to lower school attendance, and difficulty concentrating and participating in the classroom during their periods. Boys reported engaging in period teasing because periods are embarrassing and when girls smell or have blood stains. Despite this, boys are well-informed about the basic biological facts of menstruation. They scored 60 percent, on average, on a menstruation quiz and have received information from the school curricula and health workers. However, boys expressed that girls should hide their periods and not discuss it with male peers, male teachers or fathers. Period shaming and teasing are prevalent in secondary schools, with serious implications for schooling access. Lack of suitable menstrual hygiene practices causes social harm to girls through commonly-practiced teasing. Including male students in menstrual health education is important to reduce acceptability of teasing behavior related to menstruation.
 

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